Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Updated 2024]

World of Nepal Biggest cities of Nepal
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Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. Nepal has occupied 147, 516 Km2 with a total population estimated at 30,896,590 people at mid-year. We have listed the Top 10 largest and the  biggest cities in Nepal,

“Heaven is a Myth, Nepal is Real”

– Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal

Nepal Map - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest Cities of Nepal (Map of Nepal)

1. Kathmandu [Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal]

Kathmandu is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with a total area of 49.45 km², situated in the Kathmandu Valley in the central part of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia.

  • Elevation: 1400m
  • Maxumum temperature : 33-32 °c
  • Minimum temperature: -1 °c
  • Area: 49 45 sq km
  • Population: 845737

It is surrounded by hills and mountains, including the Himalayas to the north.

Kathmandu City - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Kathmandu]
This city is known for its diverse culture, with a mix of Hinduism and Buddhism. Many temples, shrines, and monasteries are located in Kathmandu, especially the well-known Swayambhunath Stupa, known as the Monkey Temple, and the Pashupatinath Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Though, Nepali is Kathmandu’s official language, also, English is the most spoken language, in the business and tourism sectors.

2. Pokhara

Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal: Pokhara is a city located in the Kaski district of Gandaki Province of Nepal, the second-largest city in Nepal, which also serves as a popular tourist destination due to its stunning natural beauty presence in the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges.

  • Elevation: 822m
  • Maxumum temperature : 30- 35 °c
  • Minimum temperature: 1-10 °c
  • Area: 464.24 sq km
  • Population: 518452

Pokhara - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Pokhara]
Pokhara is well known for its attractive lakes including Phewa Lakes, Begnas Lake, and Rupa Lake, a popular destination for tourists providing boating and great views of the mountains around.

3. Bharatpur

Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal: Bharatpur is situated in the southern part of Nepal, which is the fertile lowland area of Nepal. This city has a mix of cultures and traditions including influences from the Tharu and other indigenous communities.

  • Elevation: 240m
  • Maxumum temperature : 35-39 °c
  • Minimum temperature: 5-10 °c
  • Area: 433 sq km
  • Population: 379377

Bharatpur is the entrance to Chitwan National Park, one of Nepal’s well-known national parks and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Bharatpur - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Bharatpur]
Other tourist attraction in Bharatpur includes the Narayani River and the Narayangarh Durbar Square with its historical buildings and temples.

4. Lalitpur

Lalitpur, also known as Patan, is the Metropolitan city and the fourth most populated city of Nepal, situated in the south-central part of Nepal. The total area of Lalitpur is 37.4 km². It is best known for its rich cultural heritage and its tradition of arts and crafts, attracting tourists and researchers. Also, it has been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

  • Elevation: 1400km
  • Maxumum temperature : 38°c
  • Minimum temperature: 1°c
  • Area : 37 4sq km
  • Population: 299283

It attracts tourists and researchers for its beautiful cultural heritage.

Lalitpur - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [lalitpur]
This city also offers a variety of traditional Newari cuisine, including momo, Newari feasts like Yomari and Bara, and other traditional sweets.

Nepal: Districts List Of Gandaki Province [11 Districts with Names]

5. Biratnagar

Biratnagar is the largest city in Nepal situated in the Koshi Province and the center of Morang district, with a population of 756,000.

  • Elevation: 80m
  • Maxumum temperature : 35-40 °c
  • Minimum temperature: 4-10 °c
  • Area: 77 sq km
  • Population: 244750

It is located in the Terai region mainly known for its fertile lowland, and for its industries, including jute, textiles, and agro products.

Biratnagar - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Biratnagar]
Furthermore, Biratnagar has an important role in trade between India and Nepal as it is close to the Indian border.

6. Birgunj

Birgunj is a city in Nepal, which is located in the Parsa District of Madhesh Pradesh in the southern part of Nepal. Brigunj has an area of 75.24 km², with around 2 lakh plus population.

  • Elevation: 92m
  • Maxumum temperature : 44°C
  • Minimum temperature: 2°C
  • Area: 75.24 sq km
  • Population: 268273

Birgunj - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Birgunj]
Important festivals celebrated in Birgunj include Ganesh Chaturthi, Holi, Teej, Krishna Janmashtami, Maha Shivaratri, Durgapuja, Chhath, Dipawali, and Ram Navami.

7. Janakpur

Janakpur, also known as Janakpurdham, is a historic city situated in Dhanusha District, Madesh Province, in the southeastern part of Nepal. This city was founded in the early 12th century. Janakpur is the fourth most densely populated city in Nepal with around 1.73 lakh plus population. It has an area of 100.20 km².

  • Elevation: 74m
  • Maximum temperature: 32 °c
  • Minimum temperature: 26°c
  • Area: 91.97 sq km
  • Population: 173924

Janakpur is known as one of the holiest places for Hindus and is related to the ancient Indian epic. It is known for having grand celebrations of Ram Navami (which celebrates the birth of Lord Rama) and Vivah Panchami (which celebrates the wedding of Lord Rama and Sita). Thousands of tourists and visitors come to travel to Janakpur during these events or festivals.

Janakpur - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Janakpur]
Janaki Temple is one of the biggest temples in Nepal, located in the center of Janakpur, which was built by Queen Brisabhanu Kunwari in 1898 (1955 in the Nepali Calendar).

Other Religious Sites located in Janakpur

  • Vivah Mandap temple is located next to Janaki Mandir.
  • Ram Tower next to Janaki Mandir.
  • Sri Ram Temple the oldest temple in Janakpur.

8. Butwal

Butwal is another beautiful city which is located in the Rupandehi District of Western Nepal. Butwal has a population of approximately 1.18 lakh, with an area of 101.61 km².

  • Elevation: 150m
  • Maximum temperature: 32 °c
  • Minimum temperature: 23 °c
  • Area: 101.6 sq km
  • Population: 195054

It is mainly known for its economic activities and trade, also a commercial center where various businesses, industries, and markets develop.

Butwal - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Butwal]
The birthplace of Lord Buddha and a UNESCO World Heritage Site lies near Butwal. Two separate national highways in Nepal, Mahendra Highway, and Siddhartha Highway connect in Butwal, through the roadway and airway by (Gautam Buddha International Airport in Siddharthanagar) which connects western Nepal with Kathmandu.

9. Dharan

Dharan is a city located in the Sunsari District of Eastern Nepal, with an area of 192.32 km². This city has an estimated total urban population of 804, 300. Dharan is mainly known for its various cultures. People from several ethnic communities including Limbu, Rai, Gurung, and many others.

  • Elevation: 1778m
  • Maximum temperature: 30°c
  • Minimum temperature:  20°c
  • Area: 192.3 sq km
  • Population: 166531

Dharan is the entry point for popular trekking destinations in eastern Nepal like the Kanchenjunga region, also, it has many parks, temples, and markets which are worth viewing.

Dharan - Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal  [Dharan]

Tourist Attraction in Dharan

  • Budha Subba– Budha Subba temple is an important and unique religious site to the Nepali people, as this temple holds great cultural significance to the people of Dharan. This temple is devoted to Lord Buddha and has breathtaking views of the hills and mountains surrounding it.
  • Dharan Clock Tower– It is also known as Dharan Ghantaghar, a popular attraction in the city of Dharan, which can be seen located in the center of Dharan Bazar. The clock tower has its importance both historically and culturally.
  • Chinnamasta Temple- This temple praises the goddess Chinnamasta, located in Rajbiraj, a short distance from Dharan, and is mainly known for its intense depiction of the goddess.

10. Dhangadhi

Dhangadhi is another beautiful city situated in the Kailali District of the Sudhurpaschim Province in Nepal. Having a population of around 147,181 people, Dhangadhi is the tenth biggest city with an area of 261.75 km².

  • Elevation: 109m
  • Maxumum temperature : 35-40 °c
  • Minimum temperature: 5-10 °c
  • Area: 261 75 sq km
  • Population: 204788

Dhangadhi is a popular tourist destination like Khaptad National Park and Shuklaphanta National Park.

Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal
Top 10 Largest/Biggest Cities in Nepal [Dhangadi]

Places you may find interesting to visit in Dhangadhi

  • Sukkhanagar
  • Ghodaghodi Lake
  • Shuklaphanta National Park
  • Bhageshwor Temple
  • Shri Ram Janaki Mandir
  • Karnali River
  • Behada Baba Temple
  • Dhangadhi Fun City Park

Nepal: Districts List Of Karnali Province [10 Districts with Names]

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