Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve : Host nearly 500 bird species || Eastern Nepal

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Terai, also known as Tarai, is a lowland region in Northern India and Southern Nepal that lies south of the outer Himalayan foothills, the Sivalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Terai covers 33,998.8 km2  or about 23.1% of the country’s land area and is located at an elevation of 67 to 300m (220 to 984 ft).

There is something magical about the monsoon of Terai, at this time steam from the enormous Koshi river belts merges into the morning fog and makes the sunrise look absolutely breathtaking. Home to hundreds of different birds and animals, just a walk around Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve leaves you with a hopeful impression for your day ahead.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve: Host nearly 500 bird species [Updated 2024]

Name Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
In Nepali कोशी टप्पु वन्यजन्तु आरक्ष
Location  Nepal
Area 176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Established 1976
Official Name Koshi Tappu
Designated 17 December 1987

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve [Eastern Nepal]
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve [Eastern Nepal]
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies in the southeastern terai of the Sapta Koshi River covering 176 km2.  It was founded in 1976 and named a Ramsar site in December 1987, which is home to Nepal’s last wild water buffalo (Bubalus Arnee).

A survey was organized in the Paschim Kasuha VDC from 1997 to 1998 close to the east of the reserve to investigate the extent of park people conflict.


Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (2)
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (2)

The reserve vegetation is defined by mixed trees riverine forest, grassland, and wet vegetation. Grassland over 68% of the area, in comparison to only about 6% of the forest, which is occupied by Indian rosewood. During the rainy season, the Sapta Koshi River, a tributary of the Ganges causes rapid and intense flooding. Nearly 514 plant species are found in the extensive wetlands, including Kapok, sugarcane, reed, and cattail.

Fauna & Mammals

This protected area is home to a range of animals where 200 species of fish have been collected in its water courses and ponds, the majority of which are persons living there. There are two toad species, nine frog species, six lizard species, five snake species, and eleven turtle species. On the other hand, Gharial, and mugger crocodiles are also found.

Fauna and Mammals
Fauna and Mammals

There are 31 species of Mammals including Asian elephants, spotted deer, hog deer, wild boar, smooth-coated otter, and golden jackals.


Watercock, Indian nightjar, dusky eagle owl, black-headed cuckoo shrike, white-tailed stonechat, striated grassbird, large adjutant stork, Pallas’s fish eagle, common golden-eye, and gull-billed tern are among the 485 bird species. Swamp francolin and rufous-vented grass babbler are also present.

Birds [Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve]
Destination: Someshwar Gadhi: Tourist Destinations Place in Chitwan

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